Installing a new floor can be a big do-it-yourself task. Even if you’re DIY-minded, updating your kitchen, family room or a bathroom can be a large project to embark on. Even a small powder room, entry area or mudroom can be a lot of work if you’re going to be tackling it alone or with the help of friends and family members.
One possible way to make this job faster and easier is to tile over vinyl or linoleum without removing your existing flooring first. While this can be done, you’ll have to evaluate your floors to see if it’s a possibility for you and your home.
Keep reading to learn more and find out if you should tile over vinyl in your home.
Evaluate Your Vinyl
Installing tile on top of existing vinyl flooring can be a big time saver. To do this effectively though, your floors have to be in good shape. Here are a few things to look for when evaluating your vinyl to see if it can be left in place:
Is it buckling or curling?
This is common around the walls and edges of a vinyl floor, particularly as the material gets older. Buckled or curled vinyl does not make a solid, stable surface for a new tile floor.
What about tears?
Like buckled and curled edges, tears in your vinyl flooring are a sign of wear. You may be able to fill these tears before installing new tile, but in many cases, removing the old vinyl flooring is preferable.
What’s it made of?
Old vinyl and linoleum floors can contain problematic materials like asbestos. If this is the case, you’ll likely want to have this material removed completely by professionals or leave it in place. You can’t score or sand vinyl or linoleum with asbestos for proper adherence of your new tile floor.
It’s important to note that certain types of resilient flooring make poor underlayment for any type of tile. These include perimeter-bond sheet vinyl, which may shift over time, and vinyl or linoleum with a cushioned structure that can become unstable.
Luxury vinyl planks shouldn’t be tiled over either since they are installed in a floating fashion without any type of adhesive. That means that the layer of luxury vinyl under your tile floors can shift over time, leading to potential cracks in your grout.
How’s Your Subfloor?
You’ve evaluated your existing flooring and it looks good without tears, cracks or buckled spots. It’s new enough that it doesn’t contain asbestos. It might seem counter-intuitive, but evaluating your subfloor is the next step.
You need to do this because your subfloor must now carry the additional weight of tile on top of your existing flooring if you don’t plan to remove it. This is especially important with heavy tile materials like slate, granite or marble.
For the best installation results, you want a subfloor that has minimal flexing and deflection. You’ll want to check for obvious signs of damage as well. These can be repaired to provide extra support.
Soft or thin subfloors will also need to be repaired or bolstered with additional plywood. If you skip this step you could find that your tile and grout joints crack over time once your new tile is in place.
How Hard is Removing Your Vinyl?
Your existing flooring looks good and your subfloor seems plenty durable and capable of supporting the weight of porcelain, ceramic or natural stone tile. That means you’re ready to get to work, right? There is one more consideration to keep in mind.
How hard would it be to remove your existing vinyl flooring? If the job looks relatively easy or you’re dealing with a small space like a powder room, there are a few reasons to consider removal before putting down tile.
One of the main reasons is that your floors may be too high once you install your tile flooring. While vinyl and linoleum tend to be very thin – almost always under 12mm – this can raise the overall level of your finished floors. Extra height may be a particular concern if you plan to use extra underlayment like plywood and backer board over your existing vinyl.
Removing your existing vinyl also changes the type of work that you have to do, and in some cases, this may be preferable. When working on top of existing flooring, you’ll need to first clean and thoroughly sand it. This can be time-consuming work, particularly if you have a large floor to sand.
You may also need to repair certain parts of the floor by removing bulging or damaged spots before you begin. Even floors in good shape can have bulges or spots that need to be addressed before you can begin work. You may not notice these until you’re up close and personal with your existing vinyl or linoleum.
How to Tile Over Vinyl: Pro Tips
You’ve got vinyl or linoleum in tip-top shape, your subfloor is practically perfect and you’re not worried about the extra height that leaving it in place will give. You’re a prime candidate for placing tile directly over vinyl so you can get the new look you’re after.
Here are a few tips to help you through the process:
Take time when sanding your floors.
A floor sander is helpful for large spaces, but you can do this work with a power hand sander if you’re in a small area like a powder room.
Clean your floors thoroughly with a specialty cleaner.
Water and soap can take the first layer off, but you want to start with the best surface possible. Find a safe cleaning product to do a deep cleaning before you go further. TSP works particularly well for this job.
Use the right backer board for your tile.
1/4″ thick cement boards are ideal for this installation since you don’t want the added height that 1/2″ boards would give you. A combination of plywood and cement backer board can also be used if you need to beef up your subfloor.
Do a test run with your backer boards.
This is to make sure they fit before using any type of adhesive. Make sure you leave a 1/4-inch gap around walls and between boards.
Use thin-set adhesive to fasten your backer boards.
Work quickly from the deepest point within your room.
Tape your joints with cement board tape.
You’ll use a drywall knife to cover the joints with thin-set adhesive.
Make sure your thin-set adhesive is dry before putting down your tile.
4 hours is an ideal time frame, though you can do this work on a Friday and start your installation on Monday to be safe.
Need a Hand?
Time to update your floors in the kitchen, bathroom, family room or entry area? Maybe that old linoleum in the mudroom finally needs to go? We can help you replace that old flooring with durable, high-quality porcelain, ceramic, slate, marble and granite tile.
Reach out to our trained professionals today so we can help you find the right flooring solution for any space in your house. From elegant tile for your formal dining room to durable, cost-effective options for the powder room, we’ve got a range of looks you’ll love.
We can even help you learn more about the installation process. Contact us today to get your project started.