Most people think of a building’s insulation and thermal conductivity in terms of its walls, roof, windows, and doors. However, your home’s floors also impact heat loss and gain. If you want to lower your energy bills and keep your home more comfortable year-long, consider your flooring choices’ R-values.
A building material’s R-value refers to its ability to resist thermal conductivity. Higher R-values equate to better insulation; materials with large R-values keep heat from escaping the home during the winter and permeating it during the summer.
Your floors help insulate your home by preventing heat loss and gain underneath your feet. While a nonstandard flooring material like concrete features lower R-values than some of the more traditional flooring choices, it’s actually pretty comparable to ceramic tile.
The R-value determines whether a flooring material will help or hinder a home’s ability to resist heat loss and gain. While your home’s insulation makes the biggest difference in energy efficiency, don’t discount your flooring choices.
Flooring type and quality not only affect energy efficiency, but also to some degree, thermal comfort. Have you ever swung your feet over the side of the bed on a wintry morning, then snatched them immediately off, say, the cold, tile floor? Materials with higher R-values also improve your comfort underfoot.
The precise R-value of a particular type of flooring depends on the manufacturer’s specifications and flooring thickness. For example, one brand of pine wood flooring might feature an R-value of 0.975, while another’s R-value is 0.825. Additionally, R-values can be expressed both as typical R-values and as R-values by a specific unit of measurement.
Wood floors, such as pine, fir, oak, and maple, boast similar R-values ranging from 0.638 to 0.975. Engineered wood typically features a lower R-value (in some cases as low as 0.250); plank thickness plays a significant roll in engineered hardwood R-value. However, the type of underlayment used with a wood floor can increase the overall R-value considerably.
Tile floors, such as marble and ceramic, offer similar R-values when compared based on the measurement. However, because marble tiles are usually twice as thick as ceramic tiles, they offer greater protection against thermal conductivity.
Carpet, particularly wool and shag varieties, provides the best R-values among all standard flooring choices. For example, wool carpet rates a maximum R-value of 2.1, while other types of carpet can rate as low as 0.7.
While R-value is an important factor to consider when choosing a flooring material, you must also consider your aesthetic preferences. For some homeowner’s, the sleek look of tile is more important than heat conductivity resistance.
You might also want to think about ways to make your floors more comfortable and less conducive to heat loss and gain. For example, radiant heating grows increasingly popular among homeowners, especially for tiled areas such as bathrooms. A radiant heating system generates heat from beneath the floors, making them more comfortable to walk on. Strategically placed area rugs and runners will also help you create a more comfortable space.
Consider R-values as well as other preferences when choosing flooring for your home or business. If your floors keep you comfortable, lower your energy bills, and please your eye, you’ll enjoy the space even more.
Is the insulating quality of a floor a factor in your next flooring decision?